Scientific Name: Phacochoerus africanus
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The warthog is a large, stocky hog in the same family as both wild and domestic pigs, but that is where the similarity ends. The name comes from the “warts” on the side of their heads. The skin is gray with sparse, coarse hair and a long mane down the back of the neck. Warthogs sport tusks that give it a formidable appearance. They use their tusks for defense as well as digging. They are powerful and surprisingly fast, able to run up to 30 mph.
Warthogs are adaptable and found in a variety of habitats. Their diet consists mostly of plants, fruits, and grasses and will also use their snouts to dig for roots and grubs. Warthogs are usually near a water supply, using it for drinking and to wallow in the mud to help in cooling off and protect against insects.
Warthogs live in dens, often usually the burrows of other animals. They typically back in, guarding the entrance with their tusks. They use these dens to raise their young and as protection from predators and the heat.
All of Africa’s large predators prey on warthogs including lions, leopards, and crocodiles.