Physically, rams and ewes are similar in appearance. A characteristic of the blesbok is the prominent white blaze on the face, separated by a brown band above the eyes. Common Blesbok have a mostly reddish-brown colored coat with a lighter color on the saddle and an even lighter shade on the rump. The underside is white. Mature rams weigh around 150 pounds and females weigh around 120 pounds. A mature ram will stand 40 inches tall at the shoulder. Horns on a big mature ram will average 15 inches, with a 20-inch topping the record book. Both sexes carry straw colored horns, ringed almost to the tip. Female horns are slightly more slender.
Native only to South Africa, the blesbok is a must-have animal on most South African plains game safaris. Though there is only one species of blesbok, they are divided into two “breeds”, the common blesbok and the white blesbok. Though both are native only to South Africa, they have been introduced in a few other countries. The only difference between the two is their color. White Blesbok are virtually all white, which is the result of selective breeding.
Blesbok prefer to live on the open grasslands and avoid areas of dense brush. They are primarily grazing animals and normally live in herds of up to 25 individuals.